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It contains over 2,000,000 blocks ranging in weight from 2.5 tonnes (5,500 lb) to 15 tonnes (33,000 lb) and is built on a square base with sides measuring about 230 m (755 ft), covering 13 acres.
Its four sides face the four cardinal points precisely and it has an angle of 52 degrees.
The capstone was usually made of hard stone – granite or basalt – and could be plated with gold, silver, or electrum and would also be highly reflective.
After 2700 BC, the ancient Egyptians began building pyramids, until around 1700 BC.
They were believed to be dwelling places for the gods and each city had its own patron god.
Only priests were permitted on the ziggurat or in the rooms at its base, and it was their responsibility to care for the gods and attend to their needs.
Since they were constructed of sun-dried mud-brick, little remains of them.
Ziggurats were built by the Sumerians, Babylonians, Elamites, Akkadians, and Assyrians for local religions.
The precursors of the ziggurat were raised platforms that date from the Ubaid period The latest Mesopotamian ziggurats date from the 6th century BC.It was the tallest building in the world until Lincoln Cathedral was finished in 1311 AD.The base is over 52,600 square metres (566,000 sq ft) in area.As such, a pyramid has at least three outer triangular surfaces (at least four faces including the base).The square pyramid, with square base and four triangular outer surfaces, is a common version.
For thousands of years, the largest structures on Earth were pyramids—first the Red Pyramid in the Dashur Necropolis and then the Great Pyramid of Khufu, both of Egypt, the latter is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still remaining.