Radiocarbon dating the bible
This calibrated range of dates is represented in the last column, given with a 2-sigma error rating, which means at 95% confidence.
With the exception of the first text from Wadi-ed-Daliyeh, the texts in the table below are only those from the caves around Qumran.
Carbon dating the Dead Sea Scrolls refers to a series of radiocarbon dating tests performed on the Dead Sea Scrolls, first by the AMS (Accelerator Mass Spectrometry) lab of the Zurich Institute of Technology in 1991 and then by the AMS Facility at the University of Arizona in Tucson in 1994-95.
There was also a historical test of a piece of linen performed in 1950 by Willard Libby, the inventor of the dating method.
The second test (#21) yielded a result (50 BCE-130 CE) that was deemed more satisfactory.
A biblical manuscript is any handwritten copy of a portion of the text of the Bible.
The section of the calibration curve for the 14C age of the Habakkuk Commentary is complex, so that the 14C age of 2054 cuts through a few spikes on the curve, providing two date ranges.
If that was not done within a short period of time after the papyri was made, then washing it was less likely since the papyri might deteriorate and thus be unusable.The study of biblical manuscripts is important because handwritten copies of books can contain errors. 1008 CE) were the oldest Hebrew language manuscripts of the Tanakh.The science of textual criticism attempts to reconstruct the original text of books, especially those published prior to the invention of the printing press. In 1947 (CE) the finding of the Dead Sea scrolls at Qumran pushed the manuscript history of the Tanakh back a millennium from the two earliest complete codices.Before this discovery, the earliest extant manuscripts of the Old Testament were in Greek in manuscripts such as Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus.Out of the roughly 800 manuscripts found at Qumran, 220 are from the Tanakh.